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Brain and Cranial Disorders

acoustic_neuromaAcoustic neuroma is a benign intracranial tumor.  It affects the 8th cranial nerve and can be treated successfully with surgery to remove or decrease the tumor size or with stereotactic radiosurgery  when a minimally invasive procedure is preferred.

Brain aneurysm is a bulge or ballooning in a blood vessel in the train.  It can leak or rupture causing bleeding into the brain which is called a hemorrhagic stroke.  Surgical intervention can stop the bleeding and limit the amount of damage which has been caused by the blood and increased pressure injuring the brain.aneurBrain tumors are growths of abnormal tissue which are found in the intracranial area.  The can be benign, or metastatic.  A meningioma is a typically benign brain tumor.  There are several varieties of There are brain tumors with a neoplastic foundation including astrocytoma, glioblastoma, ependymoma, oligodendrogglioma or mixed gliomas.  Other types of brain tumors can be an extension of metastatic disease generated elsewhere in the body.  These tumors can be surgically removed to relieve neurological symptoms or sampled with a biopsy to determine their potential for danger.  Stereotactic radiosurgery is used when a less invasive treatment can be beneficial.

chiariA chiari malformation is a congenital malformation of the brain.  It usually includes a downward displacement of the lower cerebellar area through the base of the skull.  This can cause hydrocephalus or impaired neurological function in a patient.

hydro Hydrocephalus is a condition where there is abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain.  This causes increased pressure inside the skull and increased pressure on brain tissue.The cause can be abnormal production, drainage or blockage of the fluid.  Surgically placing a tube and valve (a shunt) can be done to improve drainage and neurological function. Intracranial hemorrhage is bleeding within the skull that can be treated with a surgical intervention. Types of intracranial hemorrhage are epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, intracerebral hematoma, tramatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and intraventricular hematoma.  This bleeding can occur after a trauma or aneurysm rupture.  This life threatening situation is treated by a neurosurgeon when intracranial pressure is rising and blood supply is lost to intended brain cells.