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In a microdiscectomy, or microdecompression spinal surgical procedure, a small portion of the bone covering the specific nerve root and/or disc material located underneath the nerve root is removed in order to relieve pressure on the affected root areas. After a small incision along the midline of the back, back muscles are pulled back to expose the bone arch region. This allows the surgeon to enter the spinal cord, in where they will remove bone and areas of the membrane to relieve pressure on the nerve root. The nerve root will then be gently pushed to the side to remove disc material from underneath the nerve root.